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InstaLinks :  help you think beyond the issue but relevant to the issue from UPSC prelims and Mains exam point of view. These linkages provided in this ‘hint’ format help you frame possible questions in your mind that might arise(or an examiner might imagine) from each current event. InstaLinks also connect every issue to their static or theoretical background. This helps you study a topic holistically and add new dimensions to every current event to help you think analytically
 
Table of Contents:
GS Paper 2:
1. Mission Karmyogi: An attempt to change the face of civil services
2. Importance of Human rights
3. Does India need a population policy?
 
GS Paper 3:
1. Living Planet Report 2022
 
Content for Mains Enrichment

1. Rythu Bharosa Kendras (Andhra Pradesh)
2. Adverse Impact of Social Media: Molly Russel Case
3. Making Ladakh Waste Free
4. Reverse Shopping
 
Facts for Prelims:
1. Supreme Court delivers split verdict on Karnataka hijab ban
2. Languages panel recommendations and a fresh ‘Hindi imposition’ row
3. MGNREGS made up for up to 80% of income lost during the pandemic’
4. EC drops order to enrol outsiders in J&K
5. Amendments to Multi-State Cooperative Societies Act
6. PADDY STRAW PELLETISATION AND TORREFACTION
7. ISRO’S NEXT-GEN LAUNCH VEHICLE
 
Syllabus: Role of Civil Services
 
Source: Indian Express
Context: It is an Editorial article and gives good insights into the features and some good examples of Mission Karmyogi. You may note it down.
 
“Mission Karmayogi”- National Programme for Civil Services Capacity Building (NPCSCB)
It aims to transition civil services from ‘Rules based’ to ‘Roles based’ Human Resource (HR) Management by aligning work allocation of civil servants by matching their competencies to the requirements of the post, thereby leading to “an effective citizen-centric civil service
 
Its features are:
Conclusion:
Mahatma Gandhi likened public service to being a trustee of public resources. Civil servants are uniquely positioned to play a role in lifting more than 170 million out of poverty into prosperity. What is needed is professional bureaucracy i.e. bureaucratic in form and structure and non-bureaucratic in attitude and spirit.
 
Insta links:
Mission Karmayogi
Mains Link:
Q. Mission Karmayogi aims at making Indian Civil Servants innovative, proactive and technology-enabled while making them empowered with specific role competencies and high efficiency. Discuss.
Syllabus: Governance
 
Source: PIB
Context: The Vice President stressed that human rights are quintessential for the flourishing of democracy and urged every citizen to work for the protection and promotion of the human rights of others at 30th Foundation Day celebration of the National Human Rights Commission
Human rights are moral principles or norms for certain standards of human behaviour and are regularly protected in municipal and international law.
Promotion and protection of human rights:
 
Steps taken for the preservation of human rights:
 
Challenges to human rights:
 
Importance of Human rights:
 
National Human Rights Commission of India (NHRC), is a statutory body established in 1993, under the provisions of The Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993. It is responsible for the protection and promotion of “rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the Constitution or embodied in the International Covenants”.
Composition:
Term and removal:
Insta Links:
NHRC
 
Mains Links:
Q. Critically examine the roles and responsibilities of the National Human Rights Commission. (10M)
Syllabus: Issues related to the development of the social sector, Government policies and interventions for the development of various sectors etc
 
Source: The Hindu
Context:
The United Nations published data to show that India would surpass China as the world’s most populous country by 2023.
Do we need a population policy? Yes.
 
Steps that need to be taken amid rising population:
 
Insta Links:
India to surpass China as the most populous country in a year
 
Mains Links:
Q. Despite Consistent experience of high growth, India still goes with the lowest indicators of human development. Examine the issues that make balanced and inclusive development elusive. (UPSC 2021)
 
Prelims Links:
Which of the following is/are the principal UN organs?
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
a. 1, 2 and 3 only
b. 2, 3 and 4 only
c. 1 and 2 only
d. 1, 2, 3 and 4
Ans: (a)
Justification:
The United Nations (UN) has six main organs:
Syllabus: Biodiversity and Environment.
 
Source: DTE, Indian Express
Directions: This Article has been taken from the Down to Earth and Indian Express. Go through it once, you can use it for value addition.
 
Context:  Recently WWF released its biennial Living Planet report 2022 showing trends in global biodiversity and the health of the planet.
 
Key highlights of the report:
India-specific highlights:
Challenges cited by Report:
What needs to be done?
What is the Living Planet Report?
Published by the international non-profit World Wide Fund for Nature every 2 years. Prepared in collaboration between WWF International and the Zoological Society of London. ZSL was founded in 1826 and is an international conservation charity.
 
Prelims link
Mains Links:
Write a note of the key findings of Living Planet Report 2022.
 
Set up for the first time in the country, the RBKs are unique seeds-to-sales, single-window service centres for farmers that have been set up across the state. RBKs facilitate interaction between farmers, agriculture scientists, and agriculture extension officers right at the village level.
Facilities: sell pre-tested quality seeds, certified fertilisers, and animal feed, can hire farm equipment, give a sample for soil testing, process crop insurance, support systems of e-cropping, geo-tagging and even sell their produce at the prevailing MSP in the RBKs.
Success: Several farmers have changed their cropping patterns, and helped in the elimination of spurious seeds and uncertified and dangerous fertilisers. Over 10,700 RBKs — multi-functional kiosks with digital Aadhar authentication equipment — have been set up across the state.
The Centre has recently nominated the RBK concept for the Food and Agriculture Organisation’s “Champion’’ award.
 

 
Source: DTE
Direction: This can be used as an example in GS3, Essay etc as good and innovative practices for waste management.
Context: PlanetFirst Recycling, a waste management social enterprise, decided to tackle the growing problem of waste in Ladakh. PlanetFirst has set up a scrap buying and selling network and organic waste composter connected to all satellite Solid Resource Management Centres, run by the administration of the Union Territory.
The team was able to pull in TOMRA, inventors of Reverse Vending Machine(RVM), a Norwegian company to present this unique and modern collection mechanism being followed all over Europe for efficient waste recovery.
The model involves setting up a deposit for consumers on all packaging materials. Once the packaging material is returned, the deposit collected will be returned to the consumer. This system encourages source segregation and collection of scrap from all strata of society.

 
Source: Hindustan Times
Context: In a bid to promote, reverse shopping, sporting goods giant Decathlon has decided to reverse its name for a month. Now three cities in Belgium will have stores with a board that will read “NOLHTACED”!
Reverse shopping basically means that customers can resell old or unused sporting goods back to the store, and the company will then repair the item and resell them in some form under warranty. The move is to promote general awareness of environment-friendly practices.

 
Source: The Hindu, Indian Express
Context:

 
Key Highlights:
 
Justice H. Gupta upheld Karnataka’s prohibitive government order:
 
Justice Sudhanshu Dhulia:
 
Related Judgement:
Bijoe Emmanuel & Ors vs State Of Kerala & Ors)(1986): The court allowed the claim of some students following the Jehovah’s Witnesses faith to remain silent during the singing of the national anthem in their school in Kerala on account of their religious belief.
 
Source: Indian Express
Context:  A report submitted by the Official Language Committee headed by Home Minister (though not released yet to the public ) to President Droupadi Murmu has triggered angry reactions.
Some reports suggest that the reports seek to make Hindi a medium of instruction in higher education, in High Courts and in official use.
However, States like Tamil Nadu and Kerala are exempt as per The Official Languages Act, 1963 and the Rules and Regulations (of the Act), 1976.
Constitution had decided that both Hindi and English should be used as official languages for the first 15 years of the Republic. But, in the wake of intense anti-Hindi agitations in the south, the Centre announced that English would continue to be used even after 1965.
With the active promotion of Hindi being mandated by Article 351 of the Constitution, the Official Language Committee was set up to review and promote the use of Hindi in official communications. The first Report of the Committee was submitted in 1987.
Categories of states for official language implementation:
 
Source: The Hindu
Context:  A study conducted by the Centre for Sustainable employment, on the impact of MGNREGA during the COVID-19 pandemic, has revealed that the wages earned under the Act helped compensate for income loss by 20 to 80%.
However, around 39% of all job card-holding households interested in working under the MGNREGA did not get a single day of work in the COVID year of 2020-21.
 
MGNREGA
 
Source: The Hindu
Context:  The Jammu election officer has withdrawn an order directing tehsildars to enrol outsiders living in the Jammu district for over a year as voters for the upcoming assembly election.
Why are electoral rolls being revised?
J&K has been under governor’s rule since 2018 and saw the last Assembly elections in 2014.
 
Source: The Hindu
Context: The Union Cabinet has approved the Multi-State Cooperative Societies (Amendment) Bill, 2022, which seeks to amend the Multi-State Cooperative Societies Act, 2002, to bring transparency in the sector and reform the electoral process.
 
Key Highlights:
97th Amendment Act:
 
Source: The Hindu, PIB
CONTEXT-  MoEFCC has released guidelines for the grant of financial support (of Rs50 Cr) for the establishment of paddy straw pelletisation and torrefaction plants.
Features of the grant:
 
THE NEED – Every year, over 27 million tonnes of paddy straw is generated in Punjab and Haryana, many of which are usually burnt which adds to the air pollution.
PELLETISATION – Pelletizing is the process of compressing or molding a material (rice straw) into the shape of a pellet.
TORREFECTION – Torrefaction is a thermal pre-treatment technology. It produces a solid biofuel product that has superior handling, milling and co-firing capabilities compared to other biomass fuels. Torrefaction is costlier but it can deliver a product whose energy content is much higher and can substitute for more coal in a power plant.
 
BENEFITS –
 
SOURCE-THE HINDU
CONTEXT-ISRO is developing a Next-Gen Launch Vehicle(NGLV) intended to replace PSLV.
FEATURES OF NGLV:-
 
POTENTIAL USES:-
 
ISRO’S LAUNCH VEHICLES: –
 
Related News:
ISRO has proposed to create dedicated satellites for supporting agriculture under Bharat Krishi Satellite Programme and Earth Observation Council.
 
QUESTION: –
With reference to India’s satellite launch vehicles, consider the following statements: (UPSC 2018) 
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
Ans: 1) 1 only
Satellites launched by GSLV, not by PSLV appear to remain permanently fixed in the same position in the sky due to their geosynchronous nature. GSLV Mk lll is a 3 staged launch vehicle with two solid strap on motors, one liquid core stage and a high thrust cryogenic upper stage.
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