The Romanian budgetary sector accounted for 23% of total job vacancies in Q3 2022, while manufacturing industry accounted for just over one quarter of the total number of vacancies (11.6 thousand vacancies), according to a study published today by the Romanian National Institute of Statistics.
The total number of job vacancies was at 45.3 thousand, down by 0.7 thousand from the previous quarter. The estimated job vacancy rate for the third quarter of 2022 was 0.90%, down by 0.01 percentage points from the previous quarter. Compared to the same quarter of 2021, the job vacancy rate decreased by 0.05 percentage points, and the number of job vacancies decreased by 2.0 thousand.
Rate and number of job vacancies by activity in the national economy
In Q3 2022, the highest vacancy rates were in public administration (1.86%), water distribution; sanitation, waste management, waste management activities and decontamination (1.58%), respectively transport and storage (1.57%).
The manufacturing industry accounted for just over one quarter of the total number of vacancies (11.6 thousand vacancies) and the ratio was 1.06%. The budgetary sector accounted for 23% of total job vacancies. Thus, 5.1 thousand vacancies were in public administration, 3.4 thousand vacancies in health and social assistance, and 2.0 thousand vacancies in education.
At the other end of the scale, the vacancy rates were lowest in other service activities (0.24%) and in mining and quarrying (0.28%). The fewest vacancies were in real estate, other service activities and mining and quarrying (0.1 thousand vacancies each).
Q3 2022 compared with previous periods
Compared with the previous quarter, the vacancy rate increased the most in financial intermediation and insurance (+0.44 percentage points) and in education (+0.23 percentage points). The largest increases in job vacancies were in education (+0.8 thousand vacancies), financial intermediation and insurance and administrative and support service activities (+0.4 thousand vacancies each). At the other end of the spectrum, the most significant decreases in both the rate and number of job vacancies were found in health and social work (-0.51 percentage points or -1.9 thousand vacancies) and information and communication (-0.33 percentage points or -0.7 thousand vacancies).
Compared to the same quarter of the previous year, the most significant increases in the vacancy rate were in financial intermediation and insurance (+0.59 percentage points), water distribution; sanitation, waste management, waste management activities decontamination (+0.40 percentage points), respectively in professional, scientific and technical activities (+0.33 percentage points).
In terms of number of jobs vacancies, the most significant increases were in manufacturing (+1.3 thousand vacancies), followed by transport and warehousing, administrative service activities and support service activities, respectively in professional, scientific and technical occupations (+0.6 thousand vacancies vacancies for each).
At the other end of the spectrum, in terms of the vacancy rate vacancy rate, the most relevant decreases were were in health and social work (-0.82 percentage points), in entertainment activities, cultural and recreational activities (-0.39 percentage points percentage points), education (-0.22 percentage points) percentage points) and public administration (-0.19 percentage points).
In terms of the number of jobs vacancies, significant decreases were observed in health and social work (-2.8 thousand vacancies) vacancies), wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (-1.4 thousand vacancies), education (-0.7 thousand vacancies) and public administration (-0.6 thousand vacancies).
Job vacancy rate and number by major occupational groups
In the third quarter of 2022, the highest job vacancy rates were recorded for the occupations of specialists in various fields of activity – major group 2 and administrative clerks – major group 4 (1.23% each).
Job vacancies were highest for specialists in various fields of work – major group 2 (14.0 thousand vacancies) and elementary occupations – major group 9 (6.2 thousand vacancies). The lowest values of the two indicators were observed for the occupations of members of the legislature, the executive, senior public administration officials, managers and senior civil servants – major group 1 (0.49%, i.e. 1.8 thousand vacancies) and skilled workers in agriculture, forestry and fishing – major group 6 (0.33%, i.e. 0.1 thousand vacancies).
Compared with the previous quarter, the vacancy rate recorded mainly decreases, the most significant of which was in the occupations of skilled workers in agriculture, forestry and fishing – major group 6 (-0.17 percentage points).
The number of job vacancies decreased more significantly in the occupations of service workers – major group 5 (-0.4 thousand vacancies) and technicians and other technical specialists – major group 3 (-0.3 thousand vacancies).
At the opposite pole, the most relevant growth, both in terms of both the rate and the number of places vacancies was recorded in occupations administrative clerks – major group 4 (+0.08 percentage points, i.e. +0.3 thousand vacancies).
Compared with the same quarter of the previous year, with except for plant operators and machinery; machinery and equipment assemblers – major group 8 (+0.17 percentage points, respectively +0.9 thousand vacancies) and administrative clerks – major group 4 (+0.08 percentage points, i.e. +0.2 thousand vacancies), both indicators recorded decreases for all major occupational groups, the most relevant being for the occupations of service workers – major group 5 (-0.23 percentage points, i.e. -1.8 thousand vacancies).
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