What Is the Economically Weaker Section (EWS) Quota? – Jagran Josh

The Supreme Court declared the 10% reserved for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) in education and public employment, established by the 103rd Constitutional Amendment, to be constitutionally legitimate on Monday. 
Four judges of the 5-bench panel consisting of the Chief Justice of India UU Lalit, Justices Dinesh Maheshwari, S Ravindra Bhat, Bela M Trivedi, and JB Pardiwala, have declared the 10% EWS quota as valid.
Justice Dinesh Maheshwari said that reservations based on economic considerations do not go against the basic structure of the Constitution. 
Justice Bhatt, in contrast, disagreed with the majority judgment and argued that it is discriminatory to exclude the poor from SCS/STS/OBCs from receiving the reservation benefit under the EWS category.
The quota is available to the beneficiaries for employment in central government positions and enrollment in central institutions.
In India, the unreserved group of people, having a family income of less than 8 lakh rupees annually is known as the economically weaker section (EWS). 
People who already benefit from the reservation are included in this group even if they do not fall within the ST, SC, or OBC caste categories.
The 103rd Amendment Act of the Consitution, introduced in 2019 incorporated a 10% reservation for members of the Economically Weaker Sections of society for admission to private educational institutions (aside from minority educational institutions) and Central Government jobs.
In order to be eligible to claim the EWS quota, one should:
In January 2019, the bill was filed in Parliament. It was passed by the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha before receiving the President’s approval. The Act introduced Articles 15(6) and 16(6), which implemented a 10% reservation for the Economically Weaker Sections for admission to both Central and private educational institutions (except for minority educational institutions). Similar provisions are also granted for employment in positions with the Central Government.
Discrimination on the basis of religion, ethnicity, caste, sex, or place of birth is forbidden under Article 15. Equal opportunity is guaranteed under Article 16 in terms of public employment.
 As it does for SCs, STs, and OBCs, the supplementary sections granted Parliament the authority to enact specific legislation for EWS.
The decision taken today by the Supreme Court of India is a historic decision, which is anticipated to uplift the economically weaker section of society. However, its effectiveness is yet to be measured. 
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